Knowledge Center


  • Ikpe, Ibanga B. (2022) “Where Space is not an Option: African Ethics and the Options of non-contenders in Space Warfare” in Nikki Coleman (ed.) Military Space Ethics: A Handbook for Military Professionals Howgate Publishing Ltd.
  • Ikpe, Ibanga B. (2015) “Philosophical Dialogue and Military Decision Making” HASER: Revista Internacional de Filosofía Aplicada, Vol. 6:1, pp. 29-51.
  • Ikpe, Ibanga B., (2009) “Being Human and Being Armed: A reassessment of Duty and Commitment in the Military.” In Nikolay Omelchenko (ed.) The Human Being in Contemporary Philosophical Conceptions, Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 137-147.
  • Ikpe, Ibanga B. (2014) “Reasoning and the Military Decision-Making Process.” Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 :1, pp 143–160.
  • Ikpe, Ibanga B. (2011) “Towards A thinking Military: Philosophical Practice and Botswana Military Training” Philosophical Practice Vol.6:1, pp.722-733.
  • Ikpe, Ibanga B. (2002) “Of Obedience and Disobedience: The Ethical Dilemma of the African Military” Professional Ethics Vol. 10, Nos. 2, 3, & 4, pp. 123-142.
  • Sigatu, Kaleab T. (2023) Citizen Soldiers in Ethiopia: The Experience and Legal Frameworks of Reserve Force, Conscription and Militia. AARMS Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 83–108.